Serengeti National Park

As a result of the growing awareness for the need for conservation, the Serengeti National Park was established in 1951. The Serengeti is undoubtedly the best-known wildlife sanctuary in the world, unequalled for its natural beauty and scientific value and can also be considered the most famous national park in Africa due to the exceptional year round game viewing it provides. In addition, the variety and abundance of animals you will most likely encounter in the Serengeti are found to be far greater than any other African park. The name ‘Serengeti” comes from the Maasai language and appropriately means ‘an extended place’. With an estimate of more than two million wildebeest, half a million Thomson's gazelle, and a quarter of a million zebra, it has the greatest concentration of plains game in Africa. The wildebeest and zebra form the star cast of the annual Serengeti migration. The Serengeti ecosystem, one of the oldest on earth, supports numerous diverse mammals including rhino, buffalo, giraffe, elephant, warthog, and many species of primates, undulates and carnivores. The Serengeti is a wonderful park where clients have the opportunity to see the Big Five, including buffalo, elephant, lion, leopard and rhino.

The Serengeti region encompasses the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Masawa Game Reserve, Grumeti and Ikorongo Controlled Areas, the Loliondo and the Massai Mara National Reserve in Kenya. The National Park, with an area of 12,950 square kilometers is broadly divided into three distinct areas, the Seronera Valley and Seronera River, the Western Corridor and the Northern Lobo area that extends northward through the Lamai Wedge to the Maasai Mara.

The Serengeti ecosystem is comprised of a unique combination of diverse habitats enabling it to support more than 30 species of herbivores and nearly 500 species of birds providing visitors with a well rounded safari. Its landscape originally formed by volcanic activity now varies with savannah with scattered acacia tress in the centre, to hilly, wooded grasslands in the north, extensive woodlands and black clay plains to the west, to open grass plains in the southern Serengeti.

The Serengeti’s climate is generally pleasant, warm and dry with temperatures rarely exceeding 85 degrees Fahrenheit which lends for comfortable temperatures for game viewing. The main rainy season occurs from March through May, with short rains falling in October and November. After the rains fall during the rainy season, the land is lush and green providing ample supply of vegetation for the animals. Eventually, a gradual drying up of the water supply and vegetation restricts plant growth and results in the animals migrating in search of water and greener pastures.

At the heart of the Serengeti ecosystem lies a phenomenon considered to be the largest movement of wildlife on earth. Over one and a half million wildebeest and half a million ungulates migrate north (over 500 miles) from the Serengeti to the adjoining Maasai Mara reserve in Kenya each year. Zebra and gazelle participate as well but are only partial migrants. It is questionable as to whether the zebras make the full journey and it is certain that the gazelle stay in the Serengeti. The circuit type movement of the wildebeest occurs according to the rains. The Migration is rarely the same annually in regards to exact timing and direction. Local conditions influence grass growth in turn affecting the movement of the wildebeest and other migrating animals. Some years they may move off the open plains earlier and remain in the northern woodlands for longer periods of time. As our itineraries our designed by following the migratory patterns of animals, our clients visit the best locations and lodges allowing them to witness wildlife in its most natural settings.
 

Earth's Wonders Safaris take you to:
Serengeti National Park
Ngorongoro Crater
Tarangire National Park
Lake Manyara National Park
Zanzibar Island
  ... and more ...


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